What is Brain Stroke?
A stroke occurs when blood supply to the brain is interrupted or there is bleeding in the brain. Within minutes, brain cells begin to die. It is urgent to get emergency care at the first sign of a stroke. Early treatment saves many lives and reduces the effects of stroke.
What are the types surgery for brain stroke treatment in India?
After initial emergency management of stroke there might be the cases that may require surgery for treatment of stroke. Option of Surgery for treatment of stroke in India is available in following cases:
Surgery for Brain Stroke Due to Blockages in Blood Vessel in Brain: Most brain strokes occur when a blood vessel in the brain is blocked and blood flow stops. This type of stroke is called an ischemic stroke. The blockage may be caused by a blood clot, and severe brain swelling may result. Life-saving surgery in this type of stroke may be necessary as a better treatment to remove the clot and the brain tissue that has died from lack of oxygen.
Surgery for Brain Stroke Due to Blockage in main artery in the Neck:The main arteries in the neck help supply the brain with blood. They are called the carotid arteries. When patients have a serious blockage in these arteries, surgery may be done to prevent a stroke or a ministroke, which is also called a TIA. The operation is called a carotid endarterectomy.
Surgery for Brain Stroke Due toAltered Blood Flow: Blood flow to the brain may decrease temporarily in some patients. This is called a ministroke
or a TIA, which stands for Transient Ischemic Attack. While the brain is not getting enough blood, it cannot work properly. Patients who have TIAs get symptoms for a short time that make it difficult for them to function. Bypass surgery may be advised for some patients who continue to have TIAs.
Surgery for Brain Stroke Due to Internal Bleeding: Bleeding in the brain causes some strokes. These strokes are called hemorrhagic stroke. The bleeding may occur when a weakened blood vessel leaks or bursts. This is called an aneurysm. When an aneurysm occurs, the weakened artery may become like a balloon filled with blood. Patients usually describe an aneurysm as the worst headache of their life.
There are several types of surgery to repair an aneurysm. A clip may be placed across the neck of the aneurysm (like a clip at the end of a balloon) to stop the bleeding. A newer approach is to thread a long, thin tube through the artery that leads to the aneurysm. Then a tiny coil is fed through the tube into the aneurysm “balloon” to fill the space and seal off the bleeding.
What are the symptoms of Brain Stroke?
The warning signs of stroke are:
- Numbness, weakness, or paralysis of the face, arm, or leg (on one or both sides of the body)
- Vision that suddenly blurs or decreases (in one or both eyes)
- Trouble speaking or understanding
- Dizziness, loss of balance, or a fall that is unexplained
- Difficulty swallowing
- Sudden, severe, unexplained headache
- Sudden confusion